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pitsyn.c

/*

$Log: pitsyn.c,v $
Revision 1.1.1.1  2001/11/19 19:50:16  smorlat
First cvs.

Revision 1.1.1.1  2001/08/08 21:29:08  simon
First import

 * Revision 1.2  1996/08/20  20:40:12  jaf
 * Removed all static local variables that were SAVE'd in the Fortran
 * code, and put them in struct lpc10_decoder_state that is passed as an
 * argument.
 *
 * Removed init function, since all initialization is now done in
 * init_lpc10_decoder_state().
 *
 * Revision 1.1  1996/08/19  22:31:12  jaf
 * Initial revision
 *

*/

#ifdef P_R_O_T_O_T_Y_P_E_S
extern int pitsyn_(integer *order, integer *voice, integer *pitch, real *rms, real *rc, integer *lframe, integer *ivuv, integer *ipiti, real *rmsi, real *rci, integer *nout, real *ratio, struct lpc10_decoder_state *st);
#endif

/*  -- translated by f2c (version 19951025).
   You must link the resulting object file with the libraries:
      -lf2c -lm   (in that order)
*/

#include "f2c.h"

/* ***************************************************************** */

/*    PITSYN Version 53 */

/* $Log: pitsyn.c,v $
/* Revision 1.1.1.1  2001/11/19 19:50:16  smorlat
/* First cvs.
/*
/* Revision 1.1.1.1  2001/08/08 21:29:08  simon
/* First import
/*
 * Revision 1.2  1996/08/20  20:40:12  jaf
 * Removed all static local variables that were SAVE'd in the Fortran
 * code, and put them in struct lpc10_decoder_state that is passed as an
 * argument.
 *
 * Removed init function, since all initialization is now done in
 * init_lpc10_decoder_state().
 *
 * Revision 1.1  1996/08/19  22:31:12  jaf
 * Initial revision
 * */
/* Revision 1.2  1996/03/25  18:49:07  jaf */
/* Added commments about which indices of array arguments are read or */
/* written. */

/* Rearranged local variable declarations to indicate which need to be */
/* saved from one invocation to the next.  Added entry INITPITSYN to */
/* reinitialize local state variables, if desired. */

/* Added lots of comments about proving that the maximum number of pitch */
/* periods (NOUT) that can be returned is 16.  The call to STOP that */
/* could happen if NOUT got too large was removed as a result. */

/* Also proved that the total number of samples returned from N calls, */
/* each with identical values of LFRAME, will always be in the range */
/* N*LFRAME-MAXPIT+1 to N*LFRAME. */

/* Revision 1.1  1996/02/07 14:48:18  jaf */
/* Initial revision */


/* ***************************************************************** */

/*   Synthesize a single pitch epoch */

/* Input: */
/*  ORDER  - Synthesis order (number of RC's) */
/*  VOICE  - Half frame voicing decisions */
/*           Indices 1 through 2 read. */
/*  LFRAME - Length of speech buffer */
/* Input/Output: */
/*  PITCH  - Pitch */
/*           This value should be in the range MINPIT (20) to MAXPIT */
/*           (156), inclusive. */
/*           PITCH can be modified under some conditions. */
/*  RMS    - Energy  (can be modified) */
/*           RMS is changed to 1 if the value passed in is less than 1. */
/*  RC     - Reflection coefficients */
/*           Indices 1 through ORDER can be temporarily overwritten with */
/*           RCO, and then replaced with original values, under some */
/*           conditions. */
/* Output: */
/*  IVUV   - Pitch epoch voicing decisions */
/*           Indices (I) of IVUV, IPITI, and RMSI are written, */
/*           and indices (J,I) of RCI are written, */
/*           where I ranges from 1 to NOUT, and J ranges from 1 to ORDER. */
/*  IPITI  - Pitch epoch length */
/*  RMSI   - Pitch epoch energy */
/*  RCI    - Pitch epoch RC's */
/*  NOUT   - Number of pitch periods in this frame */
/*           This is at least 0, at least 1 if MAXPIT .LT. LFRAME (this */
/*           is currently true on every call), and can never be more than */
/*           (LFRAME+MAXPIT-1)/PITCH, which is currently 16 with */
/*           LFRAME=180, MAXPIT=156, and PITCH .GE. 20, as SYNTHS */
/*           guarantees when it calls this subroutine. */
/*  RATIO  - Previous to present energy ratio */
/*           Always assigned a value. */

/* Subroutine */ int pitsyn_(integer *order, integer *voice, 
      integer *pitch, real *rms, real *rc, integer *lframe, integer *ivuv, 
      integer *ipiti, real *rmsi, real *rci, integer *nout, real *ratio,
                         struct lpc10_decoder_state *st)
{
    /* Initialized data */

    real *rmso;
    logical *first;

    /* System generated locals */
    integer rci_dim1, rci_offset, i__1, i__2;
    real r__1;

    /* Builtin functions */
    double log(doublereal), exp(doublereal);

    /* Local variables */
    real alrn, alro, yarc[10], prop;
    integer i__, j, vflag, jused, lsamp;
    integer *jsamp;
    real slope;
    integer *ipito;
    real uvpit;
    integer ip, nl, ivoice;
    integer *ivoico;
    integer istart;
    real *rco;
    real xxy;

/*       Arguments */
/* $Log: pitsyn.c,v $
/* Revision 1.1.1.1  2001/11/19 19:50:16  smorlat
/* First cvs.
/*
/* Revision 1.1.1.1  2001/08/08 21:29:08  simon
/* First import
/*
 * Revision 1.2  1996/08/20  20:40:12  jaf
 * Removed all static local variables that were SAVE'd in the Fortran
 * code, and put them in struct lpc10_decoder_state that is passed as an
 * argument.
 *
 * Removed init function, since all initialization is now done in
 * init_lpc10_decoder_state().
 *
 * Revision 1.1  1996/08/19  22:31:12  jaf
 * Initial revision
 * */
/* Revision 1.3  1996/03/29  22:03:47  jaf */
/* Removed definitions for any constants that were no longer used. */

/* Revision 1.2  1996/03/26  19:34:33  jaf */
/* Added comments indicating which constants are not needed in an */
/* application that uses the LPC-10 coder. */

/* Revision 1.1  1996/02/07  14:43:51  jaf */
/* Initial revision */

/*   LPC Configuration parameters: */
/* Frame size, Prediction order, Pitch period */
/*       Local variables that need not be saved */
/*       LSAMP is initialized in the IF (FIRST) THEN clause, but it is */
/*       not used the first time through, and it is given a value before 
*/
/*       use whenever FIRST is .FALSE., so it appears unnecessary to */
/*       assign it a value when FIRST is .TRUE. */
/*       Local state */
/* FIRST  - .TRUE. only on first call to PITSYN. */
/* IVOICO - Previous VOICE(2) value. */
/* IPITO  - Previous PITCH value. */
/* RMSO   - Previous RMS value. */
/* RCO    - Previous RC values. */

/* JSAMP  - If this routine is called N times with identical values of */
/*          LFRAME, then the total length of all pitch periods returned */
/*          is always N*LFRAME-JSAMP, and JSAMP is always in the range 0 
*/
/*          to MAXPIT-1 (see below for why this is so).  Thus JSAMP is */
/*          the number of samples "left over" from the previous call to */
/*          PITSYN, that haven't been "used" in a pitch period returned */
/*          from this subroutine.  Every time this subroutine is called, 
*/
/*          it returns pitch periods with a total length of at most */
/*          LFRAME+JSAMP. */

/* IVOICO, IPITO, RCO, and JSAMP need not be assigned an initial value */
/* with a DATA statement, because they are always initialized on the */
/* first call to PITSYN. */

/* FIRST and RMSO should be initialized with DATA statements, because */
/* even on the first call, they are used before being initialized. */
    /* Parameter adjustments */
    if (rc) {
      --rc;
      }
    if (rci) {
      rci_dim1 = *order;
      rci_offset = rci_dim1 + 1;
      rci -= rci_offset;
      }
    if (voice) {
      --voice;
      }
    if (ivuv) {
      --ivuv;
      }
    if (ipiti) {
      --ipiti;
      }
    if (rmsi) {
      --rmsi;
      }

    /* Function Body */
    ivoico = &(st->ivoico);
    ipito = &(st->ipito);
    rmso = &(st->rmso);
    rco = &(st->rco[0]);
    jsamp = &(st->jsamp);
    first = &(st->first_pitsyn);

    if (*rms < 1.f) {
      *rms = 1.f;
    }
    if (*rmso < 1.f) {
      *rmso = 1.f;
    }
    uvpit = 0.f;
    *ratio = *rms / (*rmso + 8.f);
    if (*first) {
      lsamp = 0;
      ivoice = voice[2];
      if (ivoice == 0) {
          *pitch = *lframe / 4;
      }
      *nout = *lframe / *pitch;
      *jsamp = *lframe - *nout * *pitch;

/*          SYNTHS only calls this subroutine with PITCH in the range 
20 */
/*          to 156.  LFRAME = MAXFRM = 180, so NOUT is somewhere in th
e */
/*          range 1 to 9. */

/*          JSAMP is "LFRAME mod PITCH", so it is in the range 0 to */
/*          (PITCH-1), or 0 to MAXPIT-1=155, after the first call. */

      i__1 = *nout;
      for (i__ = 1; i__ <= i__1; ++i__) {
          i__2 = *order;
          for (j = 1; j <= i__2; ++j) {
            rci[j + i__ * rci_dim1] = rc[j];
          }
          ivuv[i__] = ivoice;
          ipiti[i__] = *pitch;
          rmsi[i__] = *rms;
      }
      *first = FALSE_;
    } else {
      vflag = 0;
      lsamp = *lframe + *jsamp;
      slope = (*pitch - *ipito) / (real) lsamp;
      *nout = 0;
      jused = 0;
      istart = 1;
      if (voice[1] == *ivoico && voice[2] == voice[1]) {
          if (voice[2] == 0) {
/* SSUV - -   0  ,  0  ,  0 */
            *pitch = *lframe / 4;
            *ipito = *pitch;
            if (*ratio > 8.f) {
                *rmso = *rms;
            }
          }
/* SSVC - -   1  ,  1  ,  1 */
          slope = (*pitch - *ipito) / (real) lsamp;
          ivoice = voice[2];
      } else {
          if (*ivoico != 1) {
            if (*ivoico == voice[1]) {
/* UV2VC2 - -  0  ,  0  ,  1 */
                nl = lsamp - *lframe / 4;
            } else {
/* UV2VC1 - -  0  ,  1  ,  1 */
                nl = lsamp - *lframe * 3 / 4;
            }
            ipiti[1] = nl / 2;
            ipiti[2] = nl - ipiti[1];
            ivuv[1] = 0;
            ivuv[2] = 0;
            rmsi[1] = *rmso;
            rmsi[2] = *rmso;
            i__1 = *order;
            for (i__ = 1; i__ <= i__1; ++i__) {
                rci[i__ + rci_dim1] = rco[i__ - 1];
                rci[i__ + (rci_dim1 << 1)] = rco[i__ - 1];
                rco[i__ - 1] = rc[i__];
            }
            slope = 0.f;
            *nout = 2;
            *ipito = *pitch;
            jused = nl;
            istart = nl + 1;
            ivoice = 1;
          } else {
            if (*ivoico != voice[1]) {
/* VC2UV1 - -   1  ,  0  ,  0 */
                lsamp = *lframe / 4 + *jsamp;
            } else {
/* VC2UV2 - -   1  ,  1  ,  0 */
                lsamp = *lframe * 3 / 4 + *jsamp;
            }
            i__1 = *order;
            for (i__ = 1; i__ <= i__1; ++i__) {
                yarc[i__ - 1] = rc[i__];
                rc[i__] = rco[i__ - 1];
            }
            ivoice = 1;
            slope = 0.f;
            vflag = 1;
          }
      }
/* Here is the value of most variables that are used below, depending 
on */
/* the values of IVOICO, VOICE(1), and VOICE(2).  VOICE(1) and VOICE(2
) */
/* are input arguments, and IVOICO is the value of VOICE(2) on the */
/* previous call (see notes for the IF (NOUT .NE. 0) statement near th
e */
/* end).  Each of these three values is either 0 or 1.  These three */
/* values below are given as 3-bit long strings, in the order IVOICO, 
*/
/* VOICE(1), and VOICE(2).  It appears that the code above assumes tha
t */
/* the bit sequences 010 and 101 never occur, but I wonder whether a 
*/
/* large enough number of bit errors in the channel could cause such a
 */
/* thing to happen, and if so, could that cause NOUT to ever go over 1
1? */

/* Note that all of the 180 values in the table are really LFRAME, but
 */
/* 180 has fewer characters, and it makes the table a little more */
/* concrete.  If LFRAME is ever changed, keep this in mind.  Similarly
, */
/* 135's are 3*LFRAME/4, and 45's are LFRAME/4.  If LFRAME is not a */
/* multiple of 4, then the 135 for NL-JSAMP is actually LFRAME-LFRAME/
4, */
/* and the 45 for NL-JSAMP is actually LFRAME-3*LFRAME/4. */

/* Note that LSAMP-JSAMP is given as the variable.  This was just for 
*/
/* brevity, to avoid adding "+JSAMP" to all of the column entries. */
/* Similarly for NL-JSAMP. */

/* Variable    | 000  001    011,010  111       110       100,101 */
/* ------------+-------------------------------------------------- */
/* ISTART      | 1    NL+1   NL+1     1         1         1 */
/* LSAMP-JSAMP | 180  180    180      180       135       45 */
/* IPITO       | 45   PITCH  PITCH    oldPITCH  oldPITCH  oldPITCH */
/* SLOPE       | 0    0      0        seebelow  0         0 */
/* JUSED       | 0    NL     NL       0         0         0 */
/* PITCH       | 45   PITCH  PITCH    PITCH     PITCH     PITCH */
/* NL-JSAMP    | --   135    45       --        --        -- */
/* VFLAG       | 0    0      0        0         1         1 */
/* NOUT        | 0    2      2        0         0         0 */
/* IVOICE      | 0    1      1        1         1         1 */

/* while_loop  | once once   once     once      twice     twice */

/* ISTART      | --   --     --       --        JUSED+1   JUSED+1 */
/* LSAMP-JSAMP | --   --     --       --        180       180 */
/* IPITO       | --   --     --       --        oldPITCH  oldPITCH */
/* SLOPE       | --   --     --       --        0         0 */
/* JUSED       | --   --     --       --        ??        ?? */
/* PITCH       | --   --     --       --        PITCH     PITCH */
/* NL-JSAMP    | --   --     --       --        --        -- */
/* VFLAG       | --   --     --       --        0         0 */
/* NOUT        | --   --     --       --        ??        ?? */
/* IVOICE      | --   --     --       --        0         0 */


/* UVPIT is always 0.0 on the first pass through the DO WHILE (.TRUE.)
 */
/* loop below. */

/* The only possible non-0 value of SLOPE (in column 111) is */
/* (PITCH-IPITO)/FLOAT(LSAMP) */

/* Column 101 is identical to 100.  Any good properties we can prove 
*/
/* for 100 will also hold for 101.  Similarly for 010 and 011. */

/* SYNTHS calls this subroutine with PITCH restricted to the range 20 
to */
/* 156.  IPITO is similarly restricted to this range, after the first 
*/
/* call.  IP below is also restricted to this range, given the */
/* definitions of IPITO, SLOPE, UVPIT, and that I is in the range ISTA
RT */
/* to LSAMP. */

      while(TRUE_) {

/*             JUSED is the total length of all pitch periods curr
ently */
/*             in the output arrays, in samples. */

/*             An invariant of the DO I = ISTART,LSAMP loop below,
 under */
/*             the condition that IP is always in the range 1 thro
ugh */
/*             MAXPIT, is: */

/*             (I - MAXPIT) .LE. JUSED .LE. (I-1) */

/*             Note that the final value of I is LSAMP+1, so that 
after */
/*             the DO loop is complete, we know: */

/*             (LSAMP - MAXPIT + 1) .LE. JUSED .LE. LSAMP */

          i__1 = lsamp;
          for (i__ = istart; i__ <= i__1; ++i__) {
            r__1 = *ipito + slope * i__;
            ip = r__1 + .5f;
            if (uvpit != 0.f) {
                ip = uvpit;
            }
            if (ip <= i__ - jused) {
                ++(*nout);

/*                   The following check is no longer nece
ssary, now that */
/*                   we can prove that NOUT will never go 
over 16. */

/*              IF (NOUT .GT. 16) STOP 'PITSYN: too many epochs' 
*/

                ipiti[*nout] = ip;
                *pitch = ip;
                ivuv[*nout] = ivoice;
                jused += ip;
                prop = (jused - ip / 2) / (real) lsamp;
                i__2 = *order;
                for (j = 1; j <= i__2; ++j) {
                  alro = log((rco[j - 1] + 1) / (1 - rco[j - 1]));
                  alrn = log((rc[j] + 1) / (1 - rc[j]));
                  xxy = alro + prop * (alrn - alro);
                  xxy = exp(xxy);
                  rci[j + *nout * rci_dim1] = (xxy - 1) / (xxy + 1);
                }
                rmsi[*nout] = log(*rmso) + prop * (log(*rms) - log(*rmso));
                rmsi[*nout] = exp(rmsi[*nout]);
            }
          }
          if (vflag != 1) {
            goto L100;
          }

/*             I want to prove what range UVPIT must lie in after 
the */
/*             assignments to it below.  To do this, I must determ
ine */
/*             what range (LSAMP-ISTART) must lie in, after the */
/*             assignments to ISTART and LSAMP below. */

/*             Let oldLSAMP be the value of LSAMP at this point in
 the */
/*             execution.  This is 135+JSAMP in state 110, or 45+J
SAMP in */
/*             states 100 or 101. */

/*             Given the loop invariant on JUSED above, we know th
at: */

/*             (oldLSAMP - MAXPIT + 1) .LE. JUSED .LE. oldLSAMP */

/*             ISTART is one more than this. */

/*             Let newLSAMP be the value assigned to LSAMP below. 
 This */
/*             is 180+JSAMP.  Thus (newLSAMP-oldLSAMP) is either 4
5 or */
/*             135, depending on the state. */

/*             Thus, the range of newLSAMP-ISTART is: */

/*             (newLSAMP-(oldLSAMP+1)) .LE. newLSAMP-ISTART */
/*             .LE. (newLSAMP-(oldLSAMP - MAXPIT + 2)) */

/*             or: */

/*             46 .LE. newLSAMP-ISTART .LE. 133+MAXPIT .EQ. 289 */

/*             Therefore, UVPIT is in the range 23 to 144 after th
e first */
/*             assignment to UVPIT below, and after the conditiona
l */
/*             assignment, it is in the range 23 to 90. */

/*             The important thing is that it is in the range 20 t
o 156, */
/*             so that in the loop above, IP is always in this ran
ge. */

          vflag = 0;
          istart = jused + 1;
          lsamp = *lframe + *jsamp;
          slope = 0.f;
          ivoice = 0;
          uvpit = (real) ((lsamp - istart) / 2);
          if (uvpit > 90.f) {
            uvpit /= 2;
          }
          *rmso = *rms;
          i__1 = *order;
          for (i__ = 1; i__ <= i__1; ++i__) {
            rc[i__] = yarc[i__ - 1];
            rco[i__ - 1] = yarc[i__ - 1];
          }
      }
L100:
      *jsamp = lsamp - jused;
    }
/*       Given that the maximum pitch period MAXPIT .LT. LFRAME (this is 
*/
/*       currently true on every call, since SYNTHS always sets */
/*       LFRAME=180), NOUT will always be .GE. 1 at this point. */
    if (*nout != 0) {
      *ivoico = voice[2];
      *ipito = *pitch;
      *rmso = *rms;
      i__1 = *order;
      for (i__ = 1; i__ <= i__1; ++i__) {
          rco[i__ - 1] = rc[i__];
      }
    }
    return 0;
} /* pitsyn_ */

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